Information about Rapa Nui
HOW TO GET TO EASTER ISLAND?
Easter Island (Rapa Nui) stands in isolation 1,200 miles (1,900 kilometres) east of Pitcairn Island and 2,200 miles west of Chile. Forming a triangle 14 miles long by seven miles wide, it has an area of 63 square miles (163 square kilometres); its highest point, Mount Terevaka, is 1,969 feet (600 metres) above sea level.
ENTERING EASTER ISLAND
During the last decade, the population growth in Rapa Nui has been pointed out as the one responsible for the deterioration in the quality of basic services, waste management, environmental status and pollution of the oceans.
Because Rapa Nui is protected by everyone, know the requirements of the new law to visit or stay on the island of Rapa Nui.
What I should know if I am a tourist.
As of August 1, 2018, the Investigative Police of Chile will request you to complete the Unique Form (FUI) to enter Easter Island at the airport and the ports of the continent.
- Have a round trip ticket.
- Identification document.
- Identity card, passport or other suitable travel document.
Book an accommodation authorized by SERNATUR for tourists or an invitation letter written by a resident or person belonging to the people of Rapa Nui delivered by the Government. In both cases, the place of stay must be accredited.
Maximum period of permanence
Any Chilean or foreign person who enters Easter Island can stay for up to 30 days.
(In case of force majeure or an act of God, the stay may be extended for the necessary time, both for the person involved and for their companions).
NATIONAL PARK TICKET
Every tourist requires a National Park to visit all the archaeological sites of Easter Island.
This ticket can be purchased at 2 points of sale in Rapa Nui:
1. At the Ma’u Henua ticket office located in the entrance gallery of the Mataveri Airport, during the arrival times of the flight,
2. At the Ma’u Henua office located on Atamu Tekena street (next to the Cruz Verde pharmacy).
The entry lasts 10 days, from the first control and can be checked at site of the Rapa Nui National Park, so it is advisable to take this ticket with you always. Keep in mind that you can only enter Rano Raraku and O’rongo only once during your stay. The rest of the sites can be visited as many times as desired.
International tourists: USD 80 / Child: USD 40
The first European explorers who saw it on a Sunday in 1722, on Easter Sunday, baptized Easter Island; However, for the local inhabitants it is simply Rapa Nui, the great island. It is located in the Pacific Ocean, in Polynesia, 3760 kilometers from Chile on the American continent and at the same distance from Tahiti (4100 km). Its location in the middle of the ocean makes it the most remote inhabited island in the world.
The sensation of insularity increases with the roundness of the horizon and the enormous ocean mass that accompanies us from almost all places on the island. The blue, the sea and the sky represent a single group, so intimately united, that it can be named in the Rapanui language with only one term: moana. Being on Easter Island is like being in a large clear blue dome, the moana nui.
As in all of Polynesia, on Easter Island, the cult of the ancestors governed much of the spiritual life of its inhabitants in the past. The Rapanui believed that the manna (spiritual energy) of the important people continued to exist after their death and that they had the ability to influence the events long after their death, a belief that became tangible in the construction of the moai.
In Rapa Nui, a spectacular and complex culture flourished and made huge stone sculptures to honor the ancestors, developed a writing system that to date has not been deciphered (rongo rongo) and was an expert on the stars and the observation of nature.
Between 1862 and 1864, several slave ships, whose origin and destination were the guanos in Peru, took more than 2,000 Rapanuis from the island to force them to perform forced labor, of which only 16 returned alive to the island. Surely they brought with them the smallpox virus, against which the population of the island had no defenses and that ended up reducing the population from 6000 in 1862 to 111 in only 15 years.
After the slave ships, the Catholic missions came and concentrated the inhabitants in a single physical space, Hanga Roa and Vaihú, where they settled. This strongly modified the settlement patterns and favored the prohibition of ancestral cultural practices.
In 1888, the island was added by the State of Chile and transformed into a sheep farm for industrial breeding. The Rapanui were again isolated in Hanga Roa with the prohibition to circulate in the territory. All these processes of cultural modification made the contemporary culture of Rapanui the result of the community process of adaptation and re-elaboration, based on the collective memory of the 111 survivors.
Today, the Rapanui are proud of their culture and have kept their language, traditions and identity alive over the centuries. The past and the present are visible everywhere and make the island a great open museum. There are hundreds of archaeological sites, ceremonial platforms, ancient villages, huts, crematories and caves that were once inhabited. The island, despite its small size, has an intensely colonized territory and each piece of land, hill and island has a meaning, a name and a tradition.
The Tapati Rapa Nui is the most important festival on the island and, without a doubt, one of the most important in all of Polynesia. For a week (tapati) the families are organized to compete in the election of a queen to represent the island. The Tapati symbolizes the updating of the commitment derived from the implicit obligations in a reciprocal relationship system, which implies that the success of each candidate depends on the goods and services paid by the people to their families. The Tapati takes place every year in the middle of summer, at the beginning of February, with thousands of participants.
City: Hanga Roa Language: Spanish / Rapa Nui
Currency: CLP / Euro / USD
Time difference: 2 hours less than continental Chile
Climate: Subtropical maritime
Average annual temperature: 20ºC Annual average humidity: 76%
What clothes should I bring?
Due to the rainy subtropical climate we recommend “outfit” trekking shoes, windbreaker, etc. No matter what season you should be prepared for unexpected rain. Due to solar radiation it is also advisable to use a good sunscreen.
What is the spoken language?
The official language is Spanish however the native speakers speak the local language: Rapa Nui. French and English are also frequently spoken languages among the community. Many local services speak Italian, Portuguese, German and Japanese.
How’s the weather?
Rapa Nui has a rainy subtropical climate with intermittent rain throughout the year. The temperature is rather warm, varying between 13ºC and 29ºC with 76% relative humidity.
What type of electricity is used on the island?
The electricity on the island is 220 Volt